Clinical Terms: Digestive System
from Hole's Human Anatomy & Physiology; 10th ed.

Cholelithiasis-  Stones in the gallbladder.

 

Cholestasis-  Blockage in bile flow from the gallbladder.

 

Cirrhosis-  Liver condition in which the hepatic cells degenerate and surrounding connective tissues thicken.

 

Diverticulitis-  Inflammation on small pouches (diverticula) that form the lining and the wall of the colon.

 

Dumping syndrome-  Symptoms including diarrhea, that often occur following a gastrectomy.

 

Dysentery-  Intestinal infection, caused by viruses, bacteria, or protozoan, that causes diarrhea and cramps.

 

Dyspepsia-  Indigestion; difficulty in digesting a meal.

 

Dysphagia-  difficulty in swallowing.

 

Enteritis-  Inflammation of the intestine.

 

Esophagitis-  Inflammation of the esophagus.

 

Gastrectomy-  Partial or complete removal of the stomach.

 

Gastrostomy-  The creation of an opening in the stomach wall through
which food and liquids may be administered when swallowing is not possible. (G-tube)

 

Glossitis- Inflammation of the tongue.

 

Ileus-  Obstruction of the intestine due to an inhibition of motility or a mechanical cause.

 

Ileitis- Inflammation of the ileum.

 

Pharyngitis-  Inflammation of the pharynx.

 

PylorospasmSpasm of the pyloric portion of the stomach or the pyloric sphincter.

 

Pyorrhea-  Inflammation of the dental periosteum with pus formation.

 

Stomatitis-  Inflammation of the lining of the mouth.