Clinical Terms: Digestive System
from Hole's Human Anatomy & Physiology; 10th ed.

Cholelithiasis-  Stones in the gallbladder.


Cholestasis-  Blockage in bile flow from the gallbladder.


Cirrhosis-  Liver condition in which the hepatic cells degenerate and surrounding connective tissues thicken.


Diverticulitis-  Inflammation on small pouches (diverticula) that form the lining and the wall of the colon.


Dumping syndrome-  Symptoms including diarrhea, that often occur following a gastrectomy.


Dysentery-  Intestinal infection, caused by viruses, bacteria, or protozoan, that causes diarrhea and cramps.


Dyspepsia-  Indigestion; difficulty in digesting a meal.


Dysphagia-  difficulty in swallowing.


Enteritis-  Inflammation of the intestine.


Esophagitis-  Inflammation of the esophagus.


Gastrectomy-  Partial or complete removal of the stomach.


Gastrostomy-  The creation of an opening in the stomach wall through
which food and liquids may be administered when swallowing is not possible. (G-tube)


Glossitis- Inflammation of the tongue.


Ileus-  Obstruction of the intestine due to an inhibition of motility or a mechanical cause.


Ileitis- Inflammation of the ileum.


Pharyngitis-  Inflammation of the pharynx.


PylorospasmSpasm of the pyloric portion of the stomach or the pyloric sphincter.


Pyorrhea-  Inflammation of the dental periosteum with pus formation.


Stomatitis-  Inflammation of the lining of the mouth.